Mental Health and Work-Life Balance
Mental health is the state of well-being in which a person achieves, maintains or recovers psychologically healthy functioning throughout life. It is a complex process that involves the interaction of biological, social and psychological factors.
A key component of healthy mental wellbeing is the ability to develop coping skills to overcome stress and emotional difficulties. Coping skills can help you deal with difficult or stressful situations, take action when you want to, and stay flexible in the face of challenges.
The development of good coping skills is important in maintaining positive mental health and can improve your resilience to difficult or stressful situations, for example by reducing anxiety, depression, and other common symptoms. You can learn about coping strategies and how to use them to cope with stressful situations from your doctor, a counsellor or other therapist.
Mood disorders include depression and bipolar disorder (manic-depressive illness). Anxiety disorders include generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder. Other common mental disorders are schizophrenia, eating disorders, and substance abuse.
Psychological disorders are classified in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition, published by the American Psychiatric Association. The DSM-5 lists nearly 300 disorders, which are divided into different categories based on the symptoms they cause and the way in which they affect people.
Some mental disorders can be treated by talk therapy alone or with medications. Other therapies focus on resolving underlying issues or conflicts that may have caused the disorder, such as psychoanalysis.
Treatment for mental health conditions can be a long and challenging journey, but with the right support, you can get better. Many people recover to live full, active and productive lives.
Developing a good work-life balance is an important aspect of good mental wellbeing. It can improve work satisfaction and boost employee morale. In addition, it can help to reduce the risk of burnout and other negative outcomes associated with a job that is too emotionally draining or stressful.
In addition, a healthy work-life balance can improve your self-esteem, make you more confident, and give you more control over your life. It can also reduce the risk of developing an emotional or behavioural problem later in life, such as addiction and depression.
Mental illnesses are the result of a combination of genetics, environment and experience, including early childhood experiences, traumatic events and ongoing stresses. They can also be triggered by drug and alcohol abuse, certain medical conditions and hormonal changes.
Negative childhood experiences can lead to a higher risk of developing a mental illness in adulthood. These include being abused, having a parent with a mental illness, or growing up in a poor family. Similarly, traumatic life events such as relationship breakdown or a death in the family can increase your risk of developing a mental health condition.
Fortunately, there is much that is being done to reduce the burden of mental illness in the United States and worldwide. Research is being conducted into the causes of mental illness and how best to treat it. There are also many preventive services, such as screening for depression and anxiety in youth.