Mental Disorders – What Are They and How Can They Be Treated?
Mental disorders can affect people in a variety of ways, from causing depression to affecting how well they perform at work or at home. They can also lead to higher costs, lower employment opportunities and an increased risk of suicide. The stigma around mental health can make it difficult for people to seek help.
Symptoms of mental disorders vary widely, and the disorder may last a short or long time. Some mental disorders, such as bipolar disorder or schizophrenia, can be very serious and even life-threatening. Some disorders are permanent or lifelong, while others, such as anxiety, can be controlled and managed with therapy.
The human brain is very complex and it’s hard to tell exactly how or why someone develops a mental disorder. But it’s possible that a person’s genes and the environment in which they grow up play some role.
Adverse childhood experiences such as abuse, neglect or emotional or physical neglect can increase the risk of developing some types of mental illness. They can also contribute to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
Psychotic disorders include schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder and delusional disorder. They often involve disorganized thinking, distorted perceptions and hallucinations.
Affective disorders include depression, bipolar disorder and mania. They can also be related to family history, social or environmental factors and are often triggered by stress or certain drugs.
Many different kinds of psychotherapy can be used to treat a mental health problem, including cognitive-behavioural, acceptance and commitment therapy and interpersonal therapy. These therapies aim to improve a person’s feelings and relationships.
The treatment of mental illness has developed greatly over the centuries. There are now many psychological approaches, ranging from classical to psychoanalytic and from humanistic to psychodiagnostic. The most common is called “cognitive-behavioral therapy,” or CBT.
Cognitive-behavioral therapy is an approach that tries to understand the underlying cause of a disorder and how it can be treated. It can involve a wide range of techniques, such as cognitive restructuring, stress management and mindfulness training.
Other psychological therapies can be based on a more spiritual or religious approach, such as hypnosis, meditation or prayer. These can be helpful for some people, but not all.
Psychiatric medication can be effective for some people with mental illnesses, but they need to be carefully monitored and used under a doctor’s guidance. The most common drugs are antidepressants and anti-psychotics, but there are other drugs that can help control the symptoms of a mental disorder, such as benzodiazepines.
Mental illnesses can affect anyone at any age, and it’s important to be aware of how you feel when you’re having a low time. Talking to someone can help you get through those times, and it’s also a good idea to think about all the things you’ve achieved so far.
If you have a friend or family member who is experiencing problems with their mental health, ask them to fill in the mental wellbeing care assessment form below. This will help you to get an accurate diagnosis and find out what kind of support they need.