Mental Wellbeing and Health
Mental wellbeing refers to a person’s emotional, psychological and social well-being. It affects cognition, perception and behavior and determines how an individual handles stress, interpersonal relationships and decision-making.
It is also a key aspect of health care and is increasingly viewed as a public health issue. It can be achieved through prevention, treatment and rehabilitation of mental disorders.
There are different types of mental disorders, each causing significant distress or impairment of functioning. They may occur repeatedly or as single episodes. They are usually treated with medicines and/or psychotherapy.
The most common mental disorders are depression, anxiety and bipolar disorder. Others include dementia, schizophrenia and other psychoses.
These disorders can have a serious impact on an individual’s life and often involve severe distress or a disruption of their ability to function at work, in relationships and in their families. However, many people who suffer from a mental illness can continue to lead productive and fulfilling lives with treatment and support.
In the United States, mental disorders are classified and treated using two standardized manuals: the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) and the International Classification of Diseases (ICD). Both of these lists categories of disorder and provide standardized criteria for diagnosis.
There are several main forms of therapy, with cognitive behavioral therapy being the most widely used and aimed at changing patterns of thinking and behavior associated with a particular disorder. Other types of psychotherapy include dialectic behavioral therapy, interpersonal therapy and systemic therapy.
Some mental disorders can be triggered or caused by a specific event, such as a job loss, relationship breakup, financial crisis or death of a loved one. Other mental disorders are based on underlying neurobiological processes that are difficult to diagnose and treat, such as chronic illnesses and physical disabilities.
A person’s ability to enjoy life is another important indicator of mental health and wellbeing. This can be measured through a person’s ability to experience positive emotions and develop coping skills.
This can help a person to cope with stressful situations and avoid negative outcomes, such as feeling isolated or losing hope. It can also make a person feel less anxious and irritable, thereby increasing their resilience.
It is also important to maintain healthy eating habits, exercise regularly and get enough sleep to be effective at work and in your relationships. It is also important to learn coping strategies for stress, such as relaxation techniques or mindfulness meditation.
Having an interest in and involvement with the community, such as volunteering or participating in religious or cultural activities is another way to promote mental health. Having friends and family who are supportive can also be important for a person’s wellbeing.
It is important to recognize that mental health is an essential part of life and that it can be enhanced through a variety of approaches, including medication, psychotherapy and other therapies. It is also important to seek help when needed.